The SFR Minihub stock firmware is very restrictive. This guide helps you to install a fully working OpenWRT system on it.
If you’re willing to repeat this on your own device, you can clone this repository and OpenWRT trunk sources to have all the files ready. There are also precompiled files if compilation isn’t your thing.
WARNING: THIS METHOD OF HACKING IS PROVIDED “AS IS”, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. If you lose your data, brick your device, any other damage or anything else happens (e.g. your cat eats your dog), it is YOUR PROBLEM and YOUR RESPONSIBILITY. Your device warranty will be void and it will be impossible to go back.
What’s inside the Minihub?
Out of the box, the SFR Minihub is a hub which connects to a network (on the WAN port) and emits its own WPA Wifi with SFR OpenVPN network. It was created to be WDS capable: you can pair minihubs together easily to extend the network.
Inside, you will discover these chips :
- A standard Ramips SoC: Ralink RT3050F,
- A little amount of ram: EtronTech EM63A165TS-6G,
- A SPI flash : MX 25L3205D.
The board has got 3 LEDs and 2 buttons controlled with GPIOs on the SoC. It’s only powered via a USB cable.
The eRcOmM hell : Boot-loader hacking
This device got the same boot-loader signature verification as the Linksys WAP4410n. There are two methods to flash a working OpenWRT: you flash a very special OpenWRT with the signature but with lower free space, or you change the boot-loader. I decided to apply the second method.
If you already block your device by flashing an unsigned image, you can ignore the eRcOmM error by pressing CTRL+C to go to the U-Boot menu (you have to repeat this each boot).
First step: serial access
To get a working serial to update U-Boot, I used a 5V UART<->USB chip (you can pick an Arduino).
To take apart the Minihub, I use something very flat and push it through the side of the board, then the top piece can be removed.
The UART headers are just behind the Ethernet port. I soldered RX, TX and GND and connect with a baud-rate of 57600 :
screen /dev/ttyUSB0 57600
Second step : boot-loader configuration
In the beginning of the boot log, U-Boot print information such as the size of the RAM, the chip connected on port 5… I used all these information to configure my U-Boot build.
You can download the latest Ralink U-boot source code here : ralink_sdk on GitHub or Ralink U-boot on my GitHub.
To build U-boot, you will need a GCC build-root. It can be downloaded here : buildroot-gcc342.tar.bz2 or Ralink buildroot on my GitHub.
I did these steps to configure my U-Boot :
- Go in the Uboot directory with a shell and execute
make menuconfig. You have to specify the following parameters :
- Cross Compiler path : the path to the extracted buildroot-gcc342.tar.bz2 + /bin,
- Chip Type : ASIC,
- Chip ID : RT3052 (yeh RT3050 is a variant),
- Port 5 Connect to : None,
- Flash Type : SPI,
- DRAM Component : 256Mb,
- DRAM Bus : 16bits
- Then select Exit and save the configuration (a file named .config will be created).
Because the partition layout is a bit different I edited include/configs/rt2880.h and edit line 317 like this :
Then I inverted factory and config, edit line 321 like this :
Third step : boot-loader compilation and installation
Create the image :
make(this is too fast for a coffee break),
- At the end make will say that uboot.img is the correct file.
I used a TFTP server to send U-Boot :
- Install a TFTP server (tftp-hpa on ArchLinux),
- Copy uboot.img to the tftp server directory (/srv/tftp/ on ArchLinux),
- Launch tftpd daemon (systemctl start tftpd),
- Set a manual IP address on Ethernet, for example : 192.168.1.2 for your computer ip, 255.255.255.0 for the netmask and 192.168.1.1 for the gateway.
Then I booted the device with serial console and select option 9 in the boot menu, then enter these to set the location of the U-boot to flash :
- Device IP : 192.168.1.1,
- Server IP : 192.168.1.2,
- Filename : uboot.img.
It will flash and reboot the device after. Do not touch anything during the flash!
Free your device!
If you want to put OpenWRT, you can read my other article about how to compile OpenWRT for a new ramips target.
To flash a new system, copy “bin/ramips/openwrt-ramips-rt305x-sfr-minihub-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin” to your TFTP server directory (rename it openwrt.bin for easier flashing).
In U-boot boot menu, select option 2 and flash the file. HORRA!
*[SoC]: System on Chip